Multiple Pregnancies In IVF

Multiple Pregnancies In IVF

Did you know that since the 1980s the number of twin births in couples has increased by almost 75 percent? Yes, that’s right. Multiple pregnancies are becoming increasingly common where couples are often seen with twin, triplet, or quadruplet births, especially those who opt for assisted reproductive procedures like IVF. 

What Are Multiple Pregnancies?

Multiple pregnancies are those in which more than one embryo implants itself to the endometrium or the uterus lining and the couple gives birth to more than one baby. 

How Do Multiple Pregnancies Happen?

Multiple pregnancies can result from one of two ways:

  • A single embryo splits to form two or more separate embryos
  • More than egg gets fertilized to form multiple embryos

Multiple pregnancies from multiple embryo implantation have become common because more and more couples are opting for assisted reproductive techniques like IUI and IVF.

Let’s look at some medical factors that can cause multiple pregnancies during your IVF cycle.

  • Ovary-stimulating Medicines
    If you are taking FSH medicines to stimulate your ovaries, then there are chances that your ovaries may overreact to the medicines, leading to the release of more than one mature eggs. This, along with IUI, can have a risk of multiple pregnancies.
  • Assisted Reproductive Treatments
    Opting for ART techniques like IVF can also lead to multiple pregnancies. In IUI, your uterus is inseminated with healthy sperms, which are left to fertilize with the mature eggs present inside. Whereas, in IVF, your IVF specialist may place more than one embryo inside the womb so that a minimum of one embryo gets implanted to the uterine wall. This may cause multiple pregnancies.

Benefits Of Multiple Pregnancies

The biggest advantage of having multiple pregnancies is that you have more than one offspring in a single pregnancy term. Apart from the happiness and joy of having a bigger family, you get to have multiple babies without having to undergo several pregnancies.

Additionally, having multiple babies in one IVF cycle saves you the cost of having to undergo another round of IVF cycles to have another baby. 

Having multiple pregnancies is a blessing for most couples. However, it comes with its own set of unique risks and challenges for the mother as well as the growing fetuses.

  1. Vanishing Twin Syndrome
    The vanishing twin syndrome is a very common occurrence in twin pregnancies. It happens when out of the two fetuses growing inside the womb, one starts disintegrating because it cannot survive on its own. While some part of the vanishing fetus gets absorbed by the surviving embryo, the rest may stay inside the womb or get flushed out eventually.
  2. Pre-eclampsia

Pre-eclampsia is a condition where you may experience high blood pressure, swelling in the body, and high protein content in your urine because of being pregnant with twins.

  1. Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes can develop in any pregnant woman. Developing gestational diabetes can increase the baby’s size and cause issues for you and the baby during vaginal delivery. Especially when you are pregnant with two or more babies, it can lead to injuries to either and both fetuses, seizures, etc. 

  1. C-Section Delivery

It is almost inevitable to have a normal delivery in most twin pregnancies and you will have to opt for a C-section. C-section deliveries increase your chances of hemorrhaging during and after the delivery and have a longer recovery period than vaginal delivery. 

  1. Premature Birth

In most cases, twin babies are born prematurely. Premature delivery can lead to medical complications in your babies. 

Multiple pregnancies are not a guarantee in any type of conception – natural or IVF. The only difference between the two is that in IVF the chances are slightly higher because the IVF specialist inserts more than one healthy embryo inside the uterus for a better chance at conception.

Moreover, the decision of having more than one embryo placed inside the uterus lies completely with you and your partner. IVF specialists and your fertility doctor can only play an advisory role in this decision.

If you are having trouble making up your mind about IVF because of the risk of multiple pregnancies or you want to know more about it, you can seek help at Archish IVF. Archish IVF is one of the finest IVF centers in Bangalore and India. The team of doctors and fertility specialists will give you a realistic and pragmatic explanation of your situation and answer any queries you may have in mind.

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