Your journey from trying for a pregnancy until conception can be a very emotionally taxing phase, filled with a multitude of emotions like anxiety, excitement, worry, hope, etc. And when you successfully conceive, you are positively hopeful that you will be seeing the journey till your newborn is with you in your arms. However, a miscarriage is a fairly common possibility that can come crashing down on these dreams and hopes. It can be both devastating and life-changing.
A miscarriage is defined as the loss of your pregnancy within 20 weeks of conception. Almost 15 to 20 percent of couples experience a miscarriage within the first three months of conception. However, miscarriages can happen later in the pregnancy as well.
If you and your partner have undergone a miscarriage(s), you must know about the different types of miscarriages so that you undertake all precautionary measures before trying to conceive again.
A Bio-chemical pregnancy is a condition in which the miscarriage or pregnancy loss happens very initially, mostly before or during the implantation itself. Before you can even know that you are pregnant you may have already had the miscarriage.
Biochemical pregnancies mostly result due to chromosomal abnormalities in the fertilized egg, which is unable to survive independently inside the womb. If you undergo a biochemical pregnancy, you will probably bleed around the same time as your period dates. Periods are usually slightly delayed or heavier than normal.
A missed miscarriage or a missed abortion is when the fertilized egg successfully implants itself into the womb but cannot develop any further. In most cases, cardiac activity might not have appeared and you might not experience any evident signs and symptoms of miscarriage apart from minor cramps.
Threatened miscarriage is more like an indicator your body gives that you might miscarry. In a threatened miscarriage, you experience minor vaginal bleeding and cramps. After a threatened miscarriage, you may continue with a regular healthy pregnancy till delivery or you might miscarry. The cervix is closed.
In many cases, after a threatened miscarriage, comes the inevitable miscarriage. In an inevitable miscarriage, there is nothing that your doctor or your midwife can do to prevent the pregnancy loss from happening. You will experience heavy vaginal bleeding and painful cramps in your lower abdomen area. The cervix opens up and the fetus is bled away.
A complete miscarriage is when the fetus along with all the remaining pregnancy tissues has left your body. You may experience vaginal bleeding for several days along with labor-like pain and cramping, which means that your uterus is contracting and getting emptied.
An incomplete miscarriage is when the miscarriage process has started and parts of the fetus have been expelled, while some parts of the pregnancy tissues remain inside the womb. Vaginal bleeding and cramps are common and continue till the miscarriage is complete.
In some cases, your doctor and midwife may recommend a procedure called D&C or dilation of the cervix and curettage of the uterus to remove any remaining pregnancy tissues.
Sometimes, if a woman experiences more than 3 miscarriages. This is known as a recurrent miscarriage and it could happen due to various reasons. In such cases, it is best to consult your fertility doctor to determine the underlying cause and seek appropriate treatment for it.
Ectopic pregnancy is a condition where the sperm fertilizes the egg but the embryo implants itself outside the uterus. The implantation is commonly seen to happen inside one of the fallopian tubes. Therefore, the fetus cannot survive the pregnancy.
An ectopic pregnancy may not present with any symptoms at first. You might experience vaginal bleeding, vomiting, excruciating lower abdominal pain, giddiness, fainting attack, etc.
A blighted ovum is a condition where there is no embryo present but the amniotic sac starts to develop. It is also known as an anembryonic pregnancy. In most cases, the embryo may have developed and sometimes cardiac activity may be present which may disappear later.
A molar pregnancy is when the sperm successfully fertilizes the egg to form an embryo, however, the cells that are supposed to form the placenta, form an abnormal cluster instead. And therefore, the pregnancy does not continue.
A molar pregnancy can either be partial or complete. In a partial molar pregnancy, the fetus develops but is abnormal and cannot survive. It mostly happens when two sperms fertilize a single egg.
In a complete molar pregnancy, an egg with no genetic material gets fertilized by the sperm. Therefore, the fetus does not develop at all.
Most of the names listed above may be new information for couples, especially for those who are completely unaware and unrelated to the medical field. Knowing the types of miscarriages that can happen to you can help you make more educated decisions and well-informed decisions regarding your pregnancy journey.
To learn more, you can always reach out to the team of fertility specialists and doctors at Archish IVF. Additionally, if you have undergone one or more failed pregnancies in the past, you can book your first free consultation with Archich IVF and get answers to all your questions.